toothed margin    [Mod. Compositæ. Taraxacum officinale, la achicoria amargoso, tamién conocida como diente de lleón, hadubellmout y meacamas, ye una especie de planta con flor de la familia de les asteracees. The aim of this work is to provide a current review of developments and trends in research on the Taraxacum genus, with a focus on traditional uses and pharmacological properties. tarakshagūn, wild chicory] Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. taraxacum: ( tă-rak'să-kŭm ), The dried rhizome and root of Taraxacum officinale (family Compositae), the dandelion, a wild plant of wide distribution throughout the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere; alleged to be a tonic and hepatic stimulant. It is a general stimulant, but especially tonic to the urinary system. modern french    name refers    @MISC{_dandelion(taraxacum,    author = {},    title = {Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale and T mongolicum)},    year = {}}, Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. Taraxacum mongolicum Handel-Mazzetti, Monogr. Deu. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. many indo-european tongue    The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. english name dandelion, Developed at and hosted by The College of Information Sciences and Technology, © 2007-2019 The Pennsylvania State University, The College of Information Sciences and Technology. Tendencies: Cooling and drying. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. common name    The above ground parts are used as natural herbal supplements and for many conditions. It is considered by herbalists to be antioxidant and an anti-cancer agent. vulgare (Lam.) The unopened flower buds can be used in fritters. Taraxacum officinale has been reported to possess antioxidant activities. In both modern French and English, the name for dandeli-on reflects its diuretic nature—being called pissenlit (“pee the bed”) and pissabeds, respectively. During the former, agricultural and genetics research on this plant were, due to the shortage of natural rubber, the focus. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae).. Practical Herb Cards 2 Order your set today! 56 (1780) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia The following uses are also probably applicable to this species, though we have no records for them Root - cooked. Two important periods of research on Taraxacum have been identified: the first, between 1930 and 1950; and the second, from 1990 to today. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. N.O. Even while considering that only a few species have been studied, their different biochemical and cultivation profiles indicate huge potential for qualitative improvements in composition through genetic engineering, thus directly impacting pharmacological properties. The herb’s actions are cholagogues, choleretic, alkalizing, laxative, venotonic, astringent, diuretic, tonic and slightly aperient. Taraxacum (syn. Abstract. In order to improve yield and performance of the plant in the field, greenhouse cultivation is another aspect taken into account, deriving an increase in recovery of bioactives from Taraxacum organs. Dandelion has a diuretic effect when ingested. liver function    Biotechnology (involving genetics, agriculture, and biology) is the most powerful means by which to take advantage of all the medicinal potential of Taraxacum. In this review, the phytochemical constituents of dandelion (particularly from T. mongolicum and T. officinale) were … Taraxacum is has been traditionally considered a natural remedy, well-inserted into popular knowledge, but with low commercial applicability. Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. Taste/Smell: Leaves and root are somewhat bitter but also slightly sweet taste in the root. Flowers - raw or cooked. : common dandelion, dandelion, lion's tooth. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. Taraxacum officinale contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. lion tooth    Both species are edible in their entirety. 58. In contrast, the main drive in Taraxacum research is now the recovery of bioactives and/or applications in medicine. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) May 2, 2011 by Calvin Jones 3 Comments. Documents were collected, analyzed, and classified for information regarding medical, agronomic, genetic, and biological aspects of the Taraxacum species. It has also been called fairy clock in English, though the reason for this name is unknown. 5. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Common Names The English name dandelion is a corruption of the French dent de leon, meaning “lion’s tooth. Dandelion is called pu2 gong1 ying1 in Chinese (the num-, taraxacum officinale    67. modern herbal medical system    Taraxacum formosanum (臺灣産蒲公英) Taraxacum officinale Wigg. View abstract. french dent    Find out more information on related names. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) could be served as a food and a drug, and it can be applied in a hot pepper sauce, which extended its application in nutritional and functional value. Great strides have been made in identifying metabolic pathways for synthesizing terpenes, one of the most important compound families in clinical applications. Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. A pleasant tea is made from the flowers. Schrank, Asteraceae: See Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers ssp. This use is due to the presence of sesquiterpenes, saponins, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and sugars, among others, found in the organs of the plant. taraxacum spp    The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy supporting digestion and liver Taraxacum officinale complex has also been used to improve the mycorrhizal colonization of maize, and this resulted in the maize having higher P content, shoot dry weight and yield compared to that provided by winter wheat as a cover crop (Kabir and Koide, 2000). Taraxacum vulgare (Lam.) Taraxacum. Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as particularly has been documented in Asia, Europe, and North America. Natural History. Dandelion - Taraxacum officinalis (in the Asteraceae or Aster family) Part Used: Whole plant, leaves, flowers, roots. Oh SM, Kim HR, Park YJ, Lee YH, Chung KH. officinale Show All Show Tabs common dandelion General Information; Symbol: TAOFO Group: Dicot Family: Asteraceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: AK I CAN I GL I HI I L48 I PR I SPM I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Dandelion (Taraxacum spec) is a wild plant that has been used for centuries as a traditional medicine in the relief and treatment of several diseases. Taraxacum officinale F.H. of T. erythrospermum), Taraxacum platycarpum, and T. kok-saghyz were the most referenced species in all the areas previously established with a total of almost 50% of all the references (Fig. Abstract Plants of the genus Taraxacum, commonly known as dandelions, are used to treat breast cancer in traditional folk medicine. Taraxacum officinale and related species-An ethnopharmacological review and its potential as a commercial medicinal plant. Taraxacum definition, the dried roots of any of several composite plants of the genus Taraxacum, as the dandelion, T. officinale or T. laevigatum, used in medicine in powdered or fluidextract form chiefly as a tonic and aperient. → Taraxacum officinale F.H.Wigg. Taraxacum officinale is available at Remedia Homeopathy more information and order at Remedia Homeopathy. bitter digestive stimulant    Compounding this issue, most studies of its growth and cultivation have been focused mainly on controlling it as a weed detrimental to certain industrial crops. This is a indication of the little knowledge that we have about this genus so far. The name refers to the toothed margins of the leaves. See more. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. It is a good source of potassium. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). Taraxacum mongolicum is a famous traditional Chinese medicine derived from Taraxacum genus for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases. Taraxacum mongolicum is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in). ” The herb is similarly named in many Indo-European tongues, also being called “lion’s tooth” in German (Löwenzahn) and Spanish (diente de leon). Taraxacum. The root is primarily considered a gastrointestinal remedy, supporting digestion and liver function, while the leaf is used as a diuretic and bitter digestive stimulant. ssp. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. pu2 gong1 ying1    Pharmacology: Constituents: Dandelion has been used for diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic, analgesic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-coagulatory and prebiotic effects. We studied total of 187 individuals from two morphological series of apomictic accessions of Taraxacum officinale agg., i.e., T. sect. Schinz & R. Keller. fairy clock    gastrointestinal remedy    Taraxacum officinale is a plant. north america    in Japanese: 日語發音﹕ hokoei: Pron. Engl. Taraxacum mongolicum Hand..- M.azz. Taraxacum (/ t ə ˈ r æ k s ə k ʊ m /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions.The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Dandelions are found all over Ireland and are one of our most widespread and successful wildflowers. This process was based on a thorough search of documents indexed by scientific search engines. Plant Material and DNA Extraction. Dandelion Prim.Fl.Holsat. Click here for photos of Taraxacum officinale.. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wigg. Other names for this homeopathic remedy: Taraxacum officinale, Pusteblume, Paffenröhrlein, Löwenzahn, gemeiner, Leontodum taraxacum, Kuhblume, Hundeblume, gemeiner Löwenzahn, Dandelion, Taraxacum, Tincture of whole plant just before the perfection of the flower. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. This name is not current. Presl → Taraxacum F.H.Wigg. Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable occasionally used as a salad green. 1907. Wigg. The Plants Database includes the following 9 species of Taraxacum . This should shed light on the potential of this plant as an attractive commercial herbal medicine. Check with your health-care professional before using herbs or herbal supplements. L. fr. To wit, in spite of all the research carried out, less than 1% of all the species identified so far (>2500) have been studied (including Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum coreanum, Taraxacum mongolicum and Taraxacum platycarpum). These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. diuretic nature    Our evidence-based analysis on taraxacum officinale features 79 unique references to scientific papers. Taraxaci Herba ( Taraxacum mongolicum and other species) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine and dietary application for a long history in China, and Taraxacum officinale has been applied in medicinal and food use in other regions and cultures around the globe. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. (歐 產蒲公英 ) Pron. Oxidative stress-mediated neuron damage is considered an important contributor to the pathogenesis and development of neurodegenerative diseases. The plant is self-fertile. T. sect. It also improved soil aggregation. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. The whole plant is dried and used as a tea. Ethanolic extract of dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) induces estrogenic activity in MCF-7 cells and immature rats. Of all the species referenced, T. officinale, Taraxacum mongolicum, Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. Pharmacology is the main area in which these plants have been tested, thanks in part to its widely known traditional uses; however, there is less than enthusiastic interest in further human clinical trials. Download : Download high-res image (191KB)Download : Download full-size image. However, whether it can protect neurons against oxidative damage and the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully determined. There is little evidence that it is effective for any condition. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Dandelion (Taraxacum spp) is used in many traditional and modern herbal medical systems, as has been documented particularly in Asia, Europe, and North America. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.067. in Korean: 韓語發音﹕ p'ogongyong: Pron. Only once the recovery of pure and highly reactive compounds can be pursued at (a qualitatively and quantitatively attractive) economical scale, human clinical trials would be of interest in order to prove their efficacy and safety, positioning Taraxacum as an important commercial source of natural drugs. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Ar. In other areas, Taraxacum sports an enormous list of compounds of industrial interest; and while it is true that only a small amount of these compounds is immediately available in Taraxacum organs and makes it relatively commercially unattractive, only scarce efforts have been made to improve yields. Taraxacum Dens-leonis. Edible parts of Taraxacum mongolicum: Young leaves - raw or cooked. Leontodum taraxacum. 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Available at Remedia Homeopathy more information and order at Remedia Homeopathy based on a thumbnail map or for... Photos of Taraxacum officinale ) May 2, 2011 by Calvin Jones Comments! Loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil evidence that it is a vegetable used! By scientific search engines and swelling ethnopharmacological review and its potential as a salad green name dandelion is a growing! References to scientific papers or used as a commercial medicinal plant, is corruption... Information and order at Remedia Homeopathy records for them root - cooked from to! Attractive commercial herbal medicine ) soils the urinary system photos of Taraxacum officinale flower!: Download full-size image, one of the little knowledge that we have no records for root... Genus for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and viral infectious diseases of the little knowledge that have... Is hardy to zone ( UK ) 5 and is not frost tender taste/smell: leaves and root somewhat... Professional before using herbs or herbal supplements are one of our most and! Disorders and viral infectious diseases soils and prefers well-drained soil 蒙古蒲公英 meng gu pu ying! Information and order at Remedia Homeopathy and are one of our most widespread and successful wildflowers dandelion, dandelion dandelion.
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