The role of monetary policy to accelerate economic stability and full employment is restricted and even secondary in less developing countries. People mostly live in rural areas where […] The most common policies used are the monetary targeting which most Fiscal policy deals with macroeconomic levers of power. IMF role in Consultation and guidance: The IMF provides the necessary machinery for consultation and collaboration on international monetary problems. With a simple model, we demonstrate that institutional quality has important implications for the design of monetary policies and can produce several departures from the conventional wisdom. 1. The central bank of a developing country is to frame its monetary and credit policy in such a fashion that larger and desired quantities of bank credit go to the priority sectors, such as agriculture, cooperatives, small industries and export trade. Just like the industrialized countries, they face different constraints and therefore have different policies. Generally, a developing country is prone to the efforts of international cyclical fluctuations. Such countries mainly export primary products and import manufactured and capital goods. Downloadable (with restrictions)! The inability to perform these functions on a global scale places developing countries at the bottom of this structure, suggesting that most developing nations lack monetary sovereignty. Due to the unorganized nature of the money market and lack of its integration with the central bank, the traditional methods of credit control like bank rate […] ADVERTISEMENTS: The experience of underdeveloped countries reveals that monetary policy plays a limited role in such countries: The following arguments are given in support of this view. All developing countries will achieve full convertibility. Still another role played by the fiscal policy in developing countries is of maintaining reasonable internal and external economic stability. This question is particularly pressing for developing countries, where the channels of monetary policy are impeded by financial underdevelopment and weak institutions (Beck et al. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the major limitations of monetary policy in under-developed countries are as follows: (1) Under-developed Money Market: The money market in developing countries is highly under-developed. In sum, monetary policy cannot be expected to directly contribute to raising long-term economic growth, though it can foster sustainable growth by maintaining an environment of price stability. The basic reason is that the various weapons of monetary policy are not much conducive to the environment and smooth functioning of these economies. Large Non-monetized Sector: ADVERTISEMENTS: There is a large non-monetized sector which hinders the success of monetary policy in such countries. 3 The Stabilising Role of Monetary Policy . Monetary and fiscal policies are closely related, and both have profound impacts on economic development throughout the world. The ability of monetary policy to influence credit and the real economy is of central concern to policymakers and academics. This concludes budgets, debts, deficits and state spending. Weak public institutions, including high levels of corruption, characterize many developing countries. 2.1 - MONETARY POLICY IN LESS DEVELOPED ECONOMIES In LDCs, in the context of development, monetary policy has an active role and is considered quite relevant. 2009, Beck 2011). Including high levels of corruption, characterize many developing countries institutions, including high levels of corruption characterize... 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