Harp seals can swim underwater for up to 15 minutes at a time. [18] The fertilized egg grows into an embryo which remains suspended in the womb for up to three months before implantation, to delay birth until sufficient pack ice is available. Harp seals, like all marine mammals, are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. Harp seals weigh on average 400 pounds. Most sealing occurs in late March in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and during the first or second week of April off Newfoundland, in an area known as "the Front". Newborn pups weigh 11 kilograms (24 lb) on average and are 80–85 cm (31–33 in) long. Discover How Long Harp Seal Lives OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: AnAge, UMICH, Max Planck, PanTHERIA, Arkive, UKC, AKC. Harp seals can swim underwater for up to 15 minutes at a time. While courtship starts on the ice, mating usually takes place in the water. Hunting, Compared with other seal species, the harp seal is not a particularly strong diver. The average lifespan of the harp seal … Females only nurse their young for about 10 minutes every four hours or so, otherwise the pups are left alone. Over the past 150 years, the Harp Seal population has fluctuated from over 9 million to as little as 1 million. They will only give birth during the short period of time when pack ice is available, as the ice provides a place to nurse their pups. Harp seals rarely haul out on land (Hammill and Stenson 2014). Never approach or try to save an injured or entangled animal yourself—it can be dangerous to both the animal and you. [4] Dive duration ranges from less than 2 minutes to just over 20 minutes. Harp seals live throughout the cold waters of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. A second stock breeds on the "West Ice" off eastern Greenland. The harp seal has a silvery-gray body. Commercial fisheries for Atlantic seals Decisions and information on the Atlantic commercial seal harvest. Since these animals are highly migratory species, they eat a wide variety of prey and the diet varies with the location, season and age of the animal. "It's all relative: allometry and variation in the baculum (os penis) of the harp seal, "Rounds Notes | National Marine Life Center", "Current Status of Northwest Atlantic Harp Seals, (Pagophilus groenlandicus)", "Estimated Prey Consumption by Harp seals (Phoca groenlandica), Hooded seals (Cystophora cristata), Grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) and Harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) in Atlantic Canada", "Selective foraging by harp seals Phoca groenlandica in nearshore and offshore waters of Newfoundland, 1993 and 1994", "Predation by Harp Seals in Atlantic Canada: Preliminary Consumption Estimates for Arctic Cod, Capelin and Atlantic Cod", "Food consumption estimates of Barents Sea harp seals", ICES/NAFO Working Group on Harp and Hooded Seals, Smithsonian Institution – North American Mammals: Pagophilus groenlandicus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Harp_seal&oldid=991520058, Taxa named by Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Its cones are most sensitive to blue-green spectra, while its rods help sense light intensity and may provide some color discrimination. Stun the seal on the head using tools, such as a rifle or a club, to immediately kill the animal or cause it to permanently lose consciousness. Seal pups weigh around 11 kg at birth however during nursing when they are fed exclusively on their mother’s high fat milk, they quickly grow, gaining over 2 kg per day. Threats: Many seals are killed for fur and seal pups clubbed while their mothers are away hunting. [32] Populations have also been changing with respect to distribution and have been found to have invaded areas such as North Norway. As such, harp seals are sensitive to changes in the environment that affect the timing and extent of sea ice formation and breakup. [26] Harp seals often consume snow to stay hydrated, but in mild winters may not have enough available. The animals were emaciated, likely due to humans competing for their prey.[25]. They will only give birth during the short period of time when pack ice is available, as the ice provides a Once in the environment, these substances move up the food chain and accumulate in predators near the top, such as harp seals. They spend a little time on land since they like living underwater. Be responsible when viewing marine life in the wild. Harp seals spend most of their time diving and swimming in the icy waters of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. [12] Some individuals from the Greenland Sea sub-population have been recorded to forage in the Barents Sea alongside the White Sea sub-population during the late summer and fall. In New England, we have issued “Share the Shore” seal watching guidelines to reduce the disturbance of harp seals. An additional 10,000 animals are allocated to First Nations hunters. [27] The 2004 White Sea TAC was 45,000. Females give birth from late February through mid-March. Call the NOAA Fisheries Enforcement Hotline at (800) 853-1964 to report a federal marine resource violation. That is if they die from old age, and not from being hunted. They will lose that white coat after 3 weeks. [13] The Common seal (also known as the Harbour Seal) and the Grey Seal … Hooded seals are deep divers that feed on Greenland halibut , a variety of redfish species, squid, and a variety of pelagic … It is also the most abundant seal species in the northern hemisphere. In Latin, its scientific name translates to "ice-lover from Greenland," and its taxonomic synonym, Phoca groenlandica translates to "Greenlandic seal."[2]. At about 13–14 months, the pup molts again, becoming a "bedlamer". Their most common type of prey is smaller fish such as capelin, Arctic cod, and polar cod. Since 2000, harp seals that are targeted during the hunt are often found to be less than a year old, known as "beaters". Although the cause often remains unknown, scientists can sometimes identify strandings due to disease, harmful algal blooms, vessel strikes, fishing gear entanglements, pollution exposure, and underwater noise. Harp seals are protected by the Marine Mammal Protection Act in the United States. May 27, 2013 - Explore Jazmine Cabrera's board "Harp seal", followed by 1115 people on Pinterest. For instance, from being call a ‘whitecoat’ at birth to a greycoat, ragged jacket, beater and finally a bedlamer. Within their large colonies, smaller groups with their own hierarchies form. Harp Seal Pic Facts about Harp Seals 7: the vision The large spherical lens is found on the large eyes of harp seals. Habitat degradation, Breeding occurs between mid-February and April, and varies somewhat for each stock. [2] Harp seal milk initially contains 25% fat (this number increases to 40% by weaning as the mother fasts) and pups gain over 2.2 kilograms (4.9 lb) per day while nursing, quickly thickening their blubber layer. Seals are aquatic mammals which belong to the family ‘Pinnipedia’ which means ‘winged-feet’ and refers to their flippers, which are specially adapted for life in the sea. Harp seal pups need ice that is stable for a long enough time for them to develop their insulating blubber layer and to rest. NOAA Fisheries is committed to the protection of harp seals. They are sociable animals that enjoy the company of other seals. Hunting Canadian whitecoats has been banned since 1987. The lifespan for harp seals is about 30-35 years. Harp seals can strand on Atlantic coasts, often in warmer months, due to dehydration and parasite load. Their longevity in captivity has not been studied in detail, but one specimen was still alive at about 16.3 years of age [ 0671 ]. 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