Papua New Guinea has a total area of 462,840 km 2 (178,700 sq mi), of which 452,860 km 2 (174,850 sq mi) is land and 9,980 km 2 (3,850 sq mi) is water. In the mountains, some important rivers such as Niger, Senegal, and Gambia have their source. Baboons and hyenas are common, while an occasional wild boar, several types of antelope, and a rare leopard may be sighted. Rabaul War Cemetery. ... 0.5 hectare and at least 20 m wide; land classified as other includes built-up areas, roads and other transportation features, barren land, or wasteland. km, which is about the size of the state of California in the United States, only about 14-18 percent of its residents are living in the urban areas. The name Papua was given to the land by Don Jorge de Meneses. Sights & Landmarks. The Boulbinet section and the fishing harbour at Conakry, Guinea. Guinea is a country on the coast of West Africa and is bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. About half sought refuge in the volatile "Parrot’s Beak" region of southwest Guinea, a wedge of land jutting into Sierra Leone near the Liberian border. The average rainfall at Conakry is about 170 inches (4,300 mm) a year, and the average annual temperatures are in the low 80s F (about 27 °C). Land tenure refers to: -the balance between population and land resources -the sustainable development level of a tract of land -the way people own, occupy, and use land -a system not unlike tenure at a university, where once you gain land, you keep it forever -a form of subsistence farming Rabaul. ... 0.5 hectare and at least 20 m wide; land classified as other includes built-up areas, roads and other transportation features, barren land, or wasteland. The highest point in the highlands, Mount Tamgué, rises to 5,046 feet (1,538 metres) near the town of Mali in the north. The country has a total land area of 28,051 sq. This makes it the 3rd largest island country in the world. Festivals and celebrations, whether public or private, usually feature dancing and music. Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Guinea, Guinea - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Guinea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Composed of granite, gneiss, schist (crystalline rock), and quartzite, the region has an average elevation of about 1,000 feet (300 metres). This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html. Return to Map . Papua New Guinea has a total area of 462,840 km 2 (178,700 sq mi), of which 452,860 km 2 (174,850 sq mi) is land and 9,980 km 2 (3,850 sq mi) is water. Die Männerkette enthält keine schädlichen Elemente. Guinea consists of four geographic regions: Lower Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, Upper Guinea, and the Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands. A virtual guide to Guinea, a developing country in the tropical southwestern part of West Africa at the Atlantic Ocean. This makes it the 3rd largest island country in the world. Its area is 94,930 square miles (245,857 square kilometers). In the 1960s, Touré founded Les Ballet Africains to highlight Guinea's rich cultural tradition. Total land area is over 462,840 km2 (178,704mi2). The Guinean sector was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981 and is home to a unique and diverse array of flora and fauna. The coastal maritime region is filled with mangrove swamps and alluvial plains that support palm trees. The second region is the Fouta Djallon Highlands in Middle Guinea. Bordered in north by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali, and by Côte d'Ivoire to the east and southeast, by Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. Rainfall varies between 60 and 90 inches (1,500 and 2,300 mm) annually, and the average annual temperatures there are in the mid-70s F (about 25 °C). #1 of 1 Sights & Landmarks in Rabaul. Many of the dry woodlands of the region are protected in Haut Niger National Park, located in the centre of the country. Clear all . The Forest Region contains several extensive patches of rainforest, with teak, mahogany, and ebony trees; agriculture, however, has diminished the forests and resulted in a shift largely toward open savanna. In the Forest Region at Macenta there may be some 100 or more inches (2,540 mm) of rain annually. It features many drowned river valleys or rias and there are tidal estuaries and offshore islands. In the southeast, the Huon Peninsula protrudes above the Huon Gulf, an indentation of the Solomon Sea. The Fouta Djallon highlands rise sharply from the coastal plain in a series of abrupt faults. Find what to do today or anytime in December. The rocks of this region are of the same composition as those of Upper Guinea. Over 80 percent of Papua New Guinea's land area is covered by forests. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The climate of Guinea is tropical with two alternating seasons—a dry season (November through March) and a wet season (April through October). Return to Map . Guinea is not rich in African big game. Papua New Guinea currently has a system of law that is often referred to as a dual system of law. The Kakoulima Massif, for example, attains 3,273 feet (998 metres) northeast of Conakry. To the north and east are the islands of Manus, New Britain, New Ireland, and Bougainville, all part of Papua New Guinea. Geography of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea New Guinea, island of the eastern Malay Archipelago, in the western Pacific Ocean, north of Australia. It has a 320-km coastline, and claims an exclusive economic zone of 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi), with a territorial sea of 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi). Several of the region’s major rivers, in particular the Niger, Senegal, and Gambia, all originate from these highlands, making Guinea the “water tower” of West Africa. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Guinea is party to the following international environmental agreements: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling. This feature is coming soon. The Fouta Djallon also gives rise to numerous smaller rivers, including the Fatala, Konkouré, and Kolenté, which flow westward across the coastal plain to enter the Atlantic Ocean. Lower Guinea includes the coast and coastal plain. It is the 54th largest country in the world in terms of land area with 462,840 square kilometers (178,700 square miles). During the 1990s Guinea harbored as many as half a million refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia, more refugees than any other African country for much of that decade. It is important to note, however, that not all of Oceania receives abundant rainfall, and portions of the region are arid or semiarid. As the ITCZ shifts southward in November, the hot, dry wind known as the harmattan blows from the northeast off the Sahara. Your Selections. Guinea, under the name French Guinea, was a part of French West Africa until it achieved independence in 1958. Author of. Full Name (see definition): Kitifini. Papua New Guinea Map - Physical Map of Papua New Guinea Zoom Map Description: The Physical Map of Papua New Guinea showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. #1 of 1 Sights & Landmarks in Rabaul. In the Fouta Djallon, January afternoon temperatures range from the mid-80s to the mid-90s F (about 30 to 35 °C), while evening temperatures dip into the high 40s and low 50s F (about 8 to 11 °C). Its topography varies from coastal plains to inland mountains that account for about 60 percent of the land area. During the dry season temperatures of more than 100 °F (38 °C) are common in the northeast. Its terrain is generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior. Dual system of law in PNG. A land system is defined as a unique assemblage of the features of land, such as soils, vegetation, land-forms, rainfall, land use, and population. The mountain’s densely forested slopes are part of the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, which has significant portions in Guinea. The Indonesian province of West Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. More than 5,000 square miles (13,000 square km) of the highlands’ total extent of 30,000 square miles (78,000 square km) lie above 3,000 feet (900 metres). We have reviews of the best places to see in Guinea. This makes it the 3rd largest island country in the world. It is the 54th largest country in the world in terms of land area with 462,840 square kilometers (178,700 square miles). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Some 700 languages—more than 10 percent of Earth's tounges—are spoken in New Guinea, and there are at least as many indigenous societies. The capital Conakry's year-round average high is 29 °C (84.2 °F), and the low is 23 °C (73.4 °F). “There are large plaques on … Indigenous cultures shaped, and were shaped by, the geography of Australia and Oceania. Things to Do in Guinea, Africa: See Tripadvisor's 2,543 traveler reviews and photos of Guinea tourist attractions. Current environmental issues in Guinea include: deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; and overfishing and overpopulation in forest regions. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Papua New Guinea is a country in the western Pacific Ocean that includes the eastern half of the island of New Guinea as well as some neighboring islands. Sights & Landmarks. Guinea is divided into four geographic regions: Maritime Guinea (Lower Guinea) a coastal plain running north to south behind the coast; the pastoral Fouta Djallon highlands (Middle Guinea); the northern savanna (Upper Guinea); and a southeastern rain-forest region (Forest Guinea). In the lowlands, mean annual maximum temperatures range from about 86 to 90 °F (30 to 32 °C), and the minimums are between 73 and 75 °F (23 and 24 °C). Up to 1,752 m high chain of mountains with a high number of endemic species of plants and animals, such as Nimba otter shrew (Micropotamogale lamottei), Western Nimba toad (Nimbaphrynoides occidentalis) – viviparous toad. Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa, and is bordered by Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, and Sierra Leone. The coast is fringed with mangrove trees, and the coastal plain supports stands of oil palms. Its coastline is 5 152 km long. Guinea arrests opposition leaders after disputed election. Guinea is bordered by Guinea-Bissau to the northwest, Senegal to the north, Mali to the northeast, Côte d’Ivoire to the southeast, and Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In Upper Guinea the savanna grassland supports several species of tall grasses that reach heights of 5 to 10 feet (1.5 to 3 metres) during the rainy season. The coast has undergone recent marine submergence and is marked by rias, or drowned river valleys, that form inlets and tidal estuaries. Cloud State University, Minnesota. A few hippopotamuses and manatees inhabit the rivers of both Lower and Upper Guinea. Monkeys, chimpanzees, and some rare bird species can be found in the southern portion of the Forest Region, near the Liberian border. As observed on the physical map above, Equatorial Guinea in west-central Africa has two distinct regions, a mainland region, and an insular region. Port Moresby, also referred to as Pom City or simply Moresby, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea. The Fouta Djallon is mostly open, with trees growing along the wider stream valleys. New Guinea’s western half comprises the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua and its eastern half comprises the major part of Papua New Guinea, an independent country since 1975. Freedom House, the respected US think tank, places Equatorial Guinea alongside Burma, North Korea and Somalia on its list of the world's worst regimes, a … From there, the land rises into an elevated plateau of thickly forested hills to its border with Gabon, reaching (in … also measures features of employing workers. Mount Nimba, the highest peak of the Nimba Range, which extends along the Guinea–Côte d'Ivoire–Liberia border in western Africa. Oceania’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Guinea-Bissau, one of the smallest and poorest West African nation-states, is surrounded by former French colonies. This is a list of the extreme points of Guinea, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. Rabaul War Cemetery. This seafaring culture developed almost entirely from its geography. As of 1 January 2017, the population of Papua New Guinea was estimated to be 7,866,753 people. Its coastline is 5 152 km long. There are alluvial soils along the major rivers. Guinea is in western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone. They enjoy a fascinating history along with unique characteristics and features. The Lower Guinea or the coastal plain that runs north to south along the coast of the country on the Gulf of Guinea. Economy Profile of Guinea Doing Business 2020 Indicators (in order of appearance in the document) ... time and cost to transfer a property and the quality of the land administration system ... enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency. This page presents the geographical name data for Kitifini in Guinea, as supplied by the US military intelligence in electronic format, including the geographic coordinates and place name in various forms, latin, roman and native characters, and its location in its respective country's administrative division. Immediately inland the gently rolling coastal plain rises to the east, being broken by rocky spurs of the Fouta Djallon highlands in the north at Cape Verga and in the south at the Camayenne Peninsula. Not to mention being low maintenance and totally adorable. Tribal living is still predominant in Papua New Guinea. New Guinea is the second largest island in the world after Greenland. Crocodiles and several varieties of fish are found in most rivers. Australia, for example, features large areas of arid land which have little vegetation. The Forest Region generally drains to the southwest through Sierra Leone and Liberia. The coast has undergone recent marine submergence and is marked by rias, or drowned river valleys, that form inlets and tidal estuaries. All Things to Do. Vice president of Guinea’s leading opposition party, the UFDG, and others held as President Alpha Conde wins a controversial third term. But guinea pigs are not just cute and cuddly. Guinea is in western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone. Guinea’s land area is approximately the size of the U.K. Its land border is 3,400 km and the coastline is 300 km. Factbook > Countries > Guinea > Geography. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the west. Cassette tapes are cheaper in Guinea than in the rest of West Africa and most of the world, making Guinea a mecca for buyers of recorded music. Summit of mountain is covered with grassland but slopes – … In addition, El Niño has caused frequent droughts in recent decades in Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Guinea extends southeast in a crescent from the Atlantic coast of West Africa. Professor of Sociology and Anthropology, St. Sights & Landmarks . The country has a total land area of 28,051 sq. 1. The first of these conflicts concerns the violent closure of It is home to one of four significant rain forest wildernesses remaining on the planet. The Bafing and Bakoye rivers, headwaters of the Sénégal River, flow northward into Mali before uniting to form the main river. Basically an enormous sandstone block, the Fouta Djallon consists of level plateaus broken by deeply incised valleys and dotted with sills and dikes, or exposed structures of ancient volcanism resulting in resistant landforms of igneous rock. Natural resources are plentiful: in addition to its hydroelectric potential, Guinea possesses a large portion of the world’s bauxite reserves and significant amounts of iron, gold, and diamonds. Papua New Guinea has only one-fifth of the population living in urban areas. Its geographic coordinates are 11°00′N 10°00′W / 11.000°N 10.000°W . Guinea, country of western Africa, located on the Atlantic coast. Sahelian Upper Guinea has a shorter rainy season and greater daily temperature variations. Lower Guinea includes the coast and coastal plain. Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial; French: ... Land regulations issued in 1904–1905 favoured Spaniards, and most of the later big planters arrived from Spain after that. In Upper Guinea rainfall drops to about 60 inches (1,500 mm) a year. Rolling Hills and Bamboo Forests posted Jan 20, 2012, 6:58 AM by Joanna LaFrancesca Dirt roads maze around thousands of trees of all variety. Guinea, there are some common principles that can be identified, particularly among the High-land Papua New Guinea societies. Slightly smaller than Oregon, the country consists of a coastal plain, a mountainous region, a savanna interior, and a forest area in the Guinea Highlands. Important rivers are the Sepik, flowing about 1,130 km (700 mi) to the north coast, and the … About one-tenth larger than California, its mountainous interior has only recently been explored. Power was handed over to a freely elected civilian administration in 2010. People have inhabited the area for thousands of years and even today the country has over 850 different languages and cultures. People have inhabited the area for thousands of years and even today the country has over 850 different languages and cultures. The arrival of the migratory intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in June brings the heaviest rainfall of the wet season. The highest peak is Mount Nimba at 5,748 ft (1,752 m). As Papua New Guinea's forests are lost and degraded, it also loses its diversity of plants, animals and indigenous people. To the north and east are the islands of Manus, New Britain, New Ireland, and Bougainville, all part of Papua New Guinea. In western Guinea, two ecoregions characterize some 300 km of Atlantic coastline and coastal plains — the Plaines Côtières (PC – Coastal Plains) and Zones de mangroves (ZM – Mangrove Zones). During the 1990s Guinea accommodated several hundred thousand war refugees from neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone, and conflicts between those countries and Guinea have continued to flare up over the refugee population. “There are large plaques on … Guinean landscapes also have the largest extent of lateritic plateaus, called bowé, creating natural clearings of treeless meadows. Guinea pigs make great pets due to their kind, friendly natures. Westernmost point – Ile du Noufrage, Boké Region. They are a common feature in the north and west of the country. At low elevations, temperatures resemble those of the coastal areas. Sandy brown soils predominate in the northeast, while black, heavy clay soils accumulate in the backwaters along the coast. The 8 million square kilometers and 17 countries covered by this atlas encompass a wide range of landscapes from alluvial valleys in Senegal and Ghana, sandy plains and low plateaus across the Sahel, and rolling hills of Togo to rugged mountains with summits reaching over 1,500 m … Guinea, in West Africa on the Atlantic, is also bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. This dance troupe continues to tour nationally and internationally. Its base rocks of granite and gneiss (coarse-grained rock containing bands of minerals) are covered with laterite (red soil with a high content of iron oxides and aluminum hydroxide) and sandstone gravel. Land use: agricultural land: 58.1% (2011 est.) The four regions are Basse-Cote, Fouta Djallon, Sahelian Haute-Guinea, and the jungle areas. Only the months of December, January, and February are relatively dry, with possible rainfall of only 1 inch (25 mm). Slightly smaller than Oregon, the country consists of a coastal plain, a mountainous region, a savanna interior, and a forest area in the Guinea Highlands. An agreement made with Liberia in 1914 to import cheap labor greatly favoured wealthy men with ready access to the state, and the shift in labor supplies from Liberia to Río Muni increased this advantage. Its coastline is 5 152 km long. Guinea's total renewable water resources total 226 km3. Papua New Guinea stretches from just south of the Equator to the Torres Strait, which separates New Guinea from Cape York Peninsula to the south, the northernmost extension of Australia. Sharing a border to the north with Senegal and to the south with Guinea, it has a land area of 13,944 square miles (36,125 square kilometers). Guinea is a former French colony that borders Guinea-Bissau and Senegal to the north, Mali on the north and north-east, Côte d'Ivoire to the east and Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. 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