The period between October 2019 and September 2020 was the second-hottest year in the last century for the Arctic, with surface temperatures 1.9 degrees Celsius warmer than the 1981 to 2010 average. Earlier in June, parts of Siberia recorded 30C, while in May, Khatanga in Russia - situated in the Arctic Circle at 72 degrees north - set a new May temperature record of 25.4C. In response to the Washington Post article, Bill McKibben, the founder of 350.org, tweeted: Siberian town tops 100 degrees F, the hottest temperature ever recorded north of the Arctic Circle. On average, the warmest month is December. These policies are projected to cause global warming of 3.1-3.7°C by … When it is permanently dark, the temperature is very stable. In Norway, room temperature is between 20 and 22 degrees Celsius, discounting bedrooms, which are often down to 16–18 degrees. When compared to 1951-1980 averages, the land average in 2019 has increased 1.32 ± 0.04 °C (2.38 ± 0.08 °F) and the ocean surface temperature, excluding sea ice regions, has increased 0.59 ± 0.06 °C (1.06 ± 0.11 °F). According to an ongoing temperature analysis conducted by scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), the average global temperature on Earth has increased by a little more than 1° Celsius (2° Fahrenheit) since 1880. Antarctica is dry—and high. The Arctic is ocean surrounded by land. The average temperature in January is almost everywhere below -10 °C (14 °F), and it goes down to -45 °C (-49 °F) in the Eastern inland areas. Average temperature at the Russian archipelago of Severnaya Zemlya north of the Siberian mainland was as much as 10 degrees Celsius warmer than normal in October. A record-breaking temperature of 38 degrees Celsius was registered in the Arctic town of Verkhoyansk on Saturday, June 20 in a prolonged heatwave … This corresponds to light and dark. Figure 2b. Oulu The subarctic climate lends itself to cold, snowy winters and short, warm summers, with an average annual temperature of just 37 degrees Fahrenheit (3 degrees Celsius). And it’s got mountains. The volume of Arctic sea-ice in the month of September 2019 (after the melting season) has declined by more than 50% compared to the mean value for 1979–2019. This graph illustrates the change in global surface temperature relative to 1951-1980 average temperatures. Maximums and minimums are only part of the temperature picture. The daily mean temperature is 62 degrees Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius) in July and just 21 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 6 degrees Celsius) in January. Above image shows the Northern Hemisphere at November 12, 2020, with a temperature forecast of 2.0°C or 35.5°F at the North Pole at 1000 hPa at 15:00Z. The average June high temperature in Verkhoyansk is normally 68 degrees (20 Celsius). For comparison, the hottest temperature recorded in New York City last month was 35 degrees Celsius. This warming has been driven in large part by increased emissions into the atmosphere of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases … Two-thirds of the warming has occurred since 1975, at a rate of roughly 0.15-0.20°C per decade. Tromso, Norway: Annual Weather Averages. The period from about 1930 saw the establishment of many new Arctic meteorological stations, first in Russia and Siberia , and following the 2nd World War, also in North America. As with the global average, 2019 was the 2nd warmest year on land. Credit: NSIDC courtesy NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory Physical Sciences Division World average temperature (°C) We use the upper estimate based on current climate policies. Since the 1880s, the average global surface temperature has risen about 2 degrees Fahrenheit (1 degree Celsius). To fill in the rest, there's information on how many days a month get above or below a given temperature. ... the average temperature was around 10C above the 1981-2010 average. At surface level, a temperature was forecast to be 0.6°C or 33.2°F. Globally, May was 0.63 Celsius warmer than the average May from 1981 to 2010, with above average temperatures across parts of Alaska, Europe, North America, South America, Africa and Antarctica. In July, Longyearbyen at Svalbard had new heat record ever for the Norwegian Arctic with 21.7 degrees C. Siberian town records highest-ever temperature in the Arctic Circle Source: ClimateAnalyzer.org The 38 degrees Celsius reading is 18 degrees warmer than the average June high temperature. After this, there is a 3 month period where the temperature rises to a peak and then drops again. Arctic temperatures for the past five years (2014-18) all exceed previous records. The Arctic is among the fastest-warming regions in the world, heating at twice the global average. Yellows and reds indicate higher than average temperatures; blues and purples indicate lower than average temperatures. So the ocean warms the air a bit. Since 1961, the average temperature at Longyearbyen airport has increased with 5.6 degrees Celsius. A weather station in Markusvinsa, a village in Sweden north of the Arctic Circle, recorded a temperature of 34.8°C (94.6°F) on July 26, 2019. The year 2016 ranks as the warmest on record (source: NASA/GISS ). I hope it helps you. Figure 2b. During summer, the temperature is an average of 3-12 degrees Celsius with sun shining nearly 24 hours a day in the Arctic Tundra. On average, the coolest month is August. The average high and low temperatures are listed below monthly and annually for Anchorage, in both degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius. July’s Arctic heat is part of a larger global trend driven by carbon pollution. For boreal autumn (September to November) temperatures in Europe were 1.9 degrees Celsius above the standard reference period, 0.4 degree Celsius higher than the average temperature in … The November temperatures follow a number of months with abnormal heat across the whole Arctic. The daily average in July is around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) on the northern islands and along the Arctic coast, while it goes up to 20 °C (68 °F) in the southernmost areas. Under the ice and snow is land, not ocean. The temperature at the South Pole station consists of 6 months when it is fairly stable from April to September. The average annual surface air temperature over land north of 60° N for October 2017-September 2018 was the second warmest (after 2015-16) in the observational record beginning in 1900. This plot shows the departure from average air temperature in the Arctic at the 925 hPa level, in degrees Celsius, for November 2020. Siberia, which is home to much of the Earth's permafrost, has recently witnessed exceptional heat. During the winter, temperatures averages at -34 degrees Celsius where nights can last for weeks and daylight can barely last a few hours. The average annual maximum temperature is: -50.5° Celsius (-58.9° Fahrenheit) The average annual minimum temperature is: -60.0° Celsius (-76° Fahrenheit) The vortex depends on the temperature difference between the Arctic and mid-latitudes, but that gap is shrinking because the pole is warming faster than anywhere on Earth. Temperatures in the Arctic Circle hit an astonishing 30 degrees Celsius on Tuesday afternoon. This plot shows the departure from average air temperature in the Arctic at the 925 hPa level, in degrees Celsius, for May 2019. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. The ocean under the Arctic ice is cold, but still warmer than the ice! To fill in the rest, there's information on how many days a month get above or below a given temperature. The Antarctic is land surrounded by ocean. On the right, jet stream crosses the Arctic Ocean (at 250 hPa). Yellows and reds indicate higher than average temperatures; blues and purples indicate lower than average temperatures. Because of the relatively small number of Arctic stations before 1930, month-to-month variations in the early part of the temperature record are larger than later. In 2020, the Arctic saw its second-lowest sea ice extent at the end of the melt season, and temperature over the region was 4 degrees (2.2 Celsius) warmer than the 1981-2010 average… The heat wave that enveloped the Arctic spread a lot farther than Markusvinsa, though. 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