Born on March 9th, 1454 in Florence, Italy, Amerigo Vespucci was a prominent Italian explorer, cartographer, merchant, navigator and financier. Were Asclepian Centers Powered By Magical Ritual or Holistic Healthcare? In fact, earlier this year, archaeologists unearthed an alleged shrine to Romulus that dates from around 2,600 years ago. [17] His role on the voyage is not clear. Posthumous portrait of Christopher Columbus, 1519. Sailing south along the coast they found friendlier natives and were able to engage in some minor trading. The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. Coelho left Cape Verde in June and from this point, Vespucci's account is the only surviving record of their explorations. Between 1497 and 1504, Vespucci participated in at least two voyages of the Age of Discovery, first on behalf of Spain (1499–1500) and then for Portugal (1501–1502). It is unknown whether Vespucci was ever aware of these honours. Amerigo Vespucci is most known for discovering the Americas. In 1507, Martin Waldseemüller drew a map of the world on which he named the new American continent of Latin, a female version of the Amerigo - Americus name. America was named after Amerigo Vespucci, a Florentine navigator and explorer who played a prominent role in exploring the New World. 3 Problems to Remember When Trying to Find Atlantis. By 1600 most regarded Vespucci as an impostor and not worthy of his honours and fame. Writing later about his experience, Vespucci gave the impression that he had a leadership role, but that is unlikely, due to his inexperience. His reputation as an explorer and navigator continued to grow and his recent service in Portugal did not seem to damage his standing with King Ferdinand. In 1506, they obtained a French translation of the Soderini Letter as well as a Portuguese maritime map that detailed the coast of lands recently discovered in the western Atlantic. There is a longstanding debate about whether Neanderthals buried their dead or if this is a funerary rite unique to our species. A heritage to last eternally. [9][10], Sometime after he settled in Seville, Vespucci married a Spanish woman, Maria Cerezo. He received his education by his uncle who was a Dominican Friar. But eventually, Vespucci wanted to go on his own explorations. Amerigo Vespucci (/vɛˈspuːtʃi/;[1] Italian: [ameˈriːɡo veˈsputtʃi]; 9 March 1454 – 22 February 1512) was an Italian merchant, explorer, and navigator from the Republic of Florence, from whose name the term "America" is derived. The Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian Navy training ship, which was dedicated to the famous explorer and is still being used today. The discovery of an ancient Etruscan honey harvesting workshop at Focello in Italy, and the analysis of charred remains unearthed at the site, has let archaeologists to propose a remarkable hypothesis. In March 1508, he was named chief pilot for the "Casa de Contratación" or House of Commerce which served as a central trading house for Spain's overseas possessions. Consequently, opinions also vary widely regarding the number of voyages undertaken, their routes, and Vespucci's roles and accomplishments. Vespucci even developed a rudimentary, but fairly accurate method of determining longitude (which only more accurate chronometers would later improve upon). A letter, written to Piero Soderini and published in 1504, purports to be an account by Vespucci of a voyage to the New World, leaving Spain on 10 May 1497 and returning in October 1498. Fortunately for Amerigo, his uncle was one of the most celebrated humanist scholars in Florence at the time and provided him with a broad education in literature, philosophy, rhetoric, and Latin. Vespucci was homeschooled by his uncle. He set out from Portugal in May 1501, and he made it his mission to discover the so-called Strait of Catigara , a passage that Ptolemy claimed, in his writings, would lead to Asia. He was also introduced to geography and astronomy, subjects that played an essential part in his career. The poems of the Edda display the structure and content of cultic texts used within the framework of initiatic organizations. Martin Waldseemüller, Franz Wieser (Ritter von), Edward Burke (trans), This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 19:30. Vespucci was homeschooled by his uncle. The name stuck, and when a second huge land mass was discovered to the north, the names North and South America were applied to the two continents. He explored the mouth of the Amazon River. Possibly painted by Cristofano dell'Altissimo.    Source: Public domain. Around this time, the Crown of Castile fell out with Christopher Columbus and broke the monopoly deal they had with him. The Introduction was written in Latin and included a Latin translation of the Soderini Letter. The king wanted to know the extent of this new discovery and determine where it lay in relation to the line established by the Treaty of Tordesillas. After that he returned to Seville in Spain. Amerigo Vespucci made a total of four voyages to the New World, even though scholars today are uncertain of two of these voyages. The entire family was cultured and friendly with the Medici rulers of Florence, a family that ruled Italy from the 1400s to 1737. However a new study may finally sway skeptics over to the side that intentional Neanderthal burials really did happen. After his explorations, he returned to Seville, Spain and became its Master Navigator until his death. In the following years, other maps were printed that often incorporated the name America. Vespucci’s father worked as a notary in Florence. He was married but had no children. There are also difficulties with the reported dates and details in the account of this voyage. But that this their opinion is false and utterly opposed to the truth...my last voyage has made manifest; for in those southern parts I have found a continent more densely peopled and abounding in animals than our Europe Asia or Africa, and, in addition, a climate milder and more delightful than in any other region known to us, as you shall learn in the following account. He described in detail the inhabitants of the place he sailed to, the flora and fauna, and the land itself. Amerigo Vespucci was a famous explorer and navigator who proved that the New World was not Asia but a fourth previously unknown continent.  He was considered the first to have discovered the so-called New World or the continents of North and South America back in the late 1400s and early 1500s. Vespucci claimed to have understood, back in 1501 during his Portuguese expedition, that Brazil was part of a different continent, which he called the New World. Silbury Hill is a prehistoric site located near Stonehenge and Avebury (a Neolithic henge monument) in the southwestern English county of Wiltshire. [18], The armada left Spain on 18 May 1499 and stopped first in the Canary Islands before reaching South America somewhere near present-day Surinam or French Guiana.  Back then, there … Thereafter, Amerigo devoted himself to the study of physics, geometry, astronomy, and cosmography, in which sciences he made rapid progress. He spoke of the number of people he had seen, and he explained that their variety signified the enormity of the land, as well as the sheer size of the coastline and the size of the rivers. In the late summer, they decided to head north for the Spanish colony at Hispaniola to resupply and repair their ships before heading home. However most historians now believe that he was unaware of Waldseemüller's map before his death in 1512 and many assert that he was not even the author of the Soderini Letter. A Man of the Stars. … Vespucci had two older brothers and one younger. Could Plastic Bottles Made by Ancient Americans be the Cause of their Health Decline? Amerigo Vespucci was born on March 9, 1454, in Florence, Italy. It is certain that Vespucci had an advanced understanding of the world around him, and that he was born in the right age for exploration. Many historians have analysed these documents and have arrived at contradictory conclusions. Who Was Amerigo Vespucci? [38], Many supporters of Columbus felt that Vespucci had stolen an honour that rightfully belonged to Columbus. During the next few months he received payments from the crown for his services and in April he was declared by royal proclamation a citizen of Castile and León. Most authors believe that the three manuscript letters are authentic while the first voyage as described in the Soderini letter draws the most criticism and disbelief. Know about the life, voyages, contributions and achievements of Amerigo Vespucci through these 10 interesting facts. Although Amerigo was ten years older, they had been schoolmates under the tutelage of Giorgio Antonio Vespucci. He hastened to write to Lorenzo Medici from what is today Cape Verde. Amerigo's grandfather, also named Amerigo Vespucci, served a total of 36 years as the chancellor of the Florentine government, known as the "Signoria"; and Nastagio also served in the "Signoria" and in other guild offices. From a young age, Amerigo was educated by his uncle, a Dominican friar by the name of Giorgio Antonio Vespucci. Perhaps Vespucci’s most important contribution, however, was his realization that the continent he was exploring was not Asia. In this New World there were many opportunities, including those of trade, gold, conquest, and riches. Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 – February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, navigator and cartographer. For other uses, see. In 1495, Berardi signed a contract with the crown to send 12 resupply ships to Hispaniola but then died unexpectedly in December without completing the terms of the contract. Within a few years of the publication of his two letters, the European public became aware of the newly discovered continents of the Americas. Millersville University. Subsequently, they began licensing and seeking out other prominent navigators to sail to the West Indies. Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence in what is now Italy in 1454. He is famous for being the first explorer to argue out that Brazil and West Indies were not in Eastern Asia. This position required him to teach the pilots (navigators) of the Spanish fleet skills of navigation, astronomy and cosmography, which he had mastered and utilized during his career. Vespucci's reputation as an explorer and presumed navigator had already reached Portugal, and he was hired by the king to serve as pilot under the command of Gonçalo Coelho. He had extensive plans to make further explorations, but these were cut short when the Spanish King Ferdinand proclaimed Vespucci as the Pilot Major of Spain in 1508. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. On 13 February 1502, they left the coast to return home. Engraving by Johann Froschauer for an edition of Amerigo Vespucci's Mundus Novus, published in Augsburg in 1505. First of all, Vespucci was the first European man to sight and reach the shores of Brazil, and to explore its coastline. He is Amerigo Vespucci, and here is his story. “America” is a feminine Latin term for his surname Amerigo. [39], Knowledge of Vespucci's voyages relies almost entirely on a handful of letters written by him or attributed to him. Very little is known about her; Vespucci's will refers to her as the daughter of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba. [15] Feelings also ran high among earlier historians who felt that Vespucci lied about this voyage to gain primacy over Columbus as the first explorer to encounter the mainland. Instead, he may have served as a commercial representative on behalf of the fleet's investors. Vespucci was no ordinary explorer, and that was clear. Samuel Morison (1974) flatly rejected the first voyage but was noncommittal about the two published letters. Canaday, J. [28], Vespucci wrote his will in April 1511. [23] The only source for this last voyage is the Soderini Letter;[24] but several modern scholars dispute Vespucci's authorship of that letter and it is uncertain whether Vespucci undertook this trip. As a young man, he read widely and collected books and maps. But from historical accounts, we have learnt that at this time, Amerigo was working as a ship outfitter in Seville, and his first sailing voyage with Hojeda begun in May of 1499. [13] Starting in the late 1490s Vespucci participated in two voyages to the New World that are relatively well-documented in the historical record. They continued south for another 40 leagues (about 240 km or 150 mi) before encountering a very strong adverse current which they could not overcome. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. After being educated by his uncle, Vespucci himself worked for the Medicis as a banker and later supervisor of their ship-outfitting business, which operated in Seville, Spain. Star Maps and Secrets: The Mysterious Tomb of Senenmut, Close Companion to Queen Hatshepsut, New Evidence Ends the Neanderthal Burial Debate, Herodium, King Herod’s Palace, Is Set to Reveal New Marvels, The Zeno Map And Travels Of the 14th-Century Venetian Zeno Brothers. This was the same expedition that had found Brazil on their outward-bound journey the previous year. The most interesting question of all is why America was named after a guy who was otherwise so obscure. It was his countryman and contemporary that would prove him wrong - Amerigo Vespucci. [1][2] As a trader, he acquired a position in the well-known trading house of Lorenzo de’ Medici. According to Humboldt, Vespucci (and Columbus) died in the belief that they had reached the eastern edge of Asia. [4] Amerigo's career path seemed less certain; instead of following his brothers to the university, he remained in Florence and was tutored by his uncle, Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, a Dominican friar in the monastery of San Marco. (Christian Krohg / Public domain ). Some of the first seafarers to reach America were the Vikings. He went on four voyages 1497 to 1504, to Central and South America, including Venezuela and Brazil. Recent excavations in Rome have re-ignited the debate over whether the legendary first king of Rome, Romulus, was a historical character or just a fanciful work of fiction. He also developed a method for determining longitude. Famous Italian ship Amerigo Vespucci to sail by Malta today. Any land that lay to the east of the line could be claimed by Portugal. The  famous Florentine navigator, the man who is often overshadowed by Columbus, is the one who further confirmed Columbus’ ‘discoveries’ and gave his name to the continent. [4] In 1482, when his father died, Amerigo went to work for Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici, head of a junior branch of the Medici family. Known for Demonstrating that the New World was not Asia but a previously-unknown fourth continent. He left most of his modest estate, including five household slaves, to his wife. [16], In 1499, Vespucci joined an expedition licensed by Spain and led by Alonso de Ojeda as fleet commander and Juan de la Cosa as chief navigator. A statue of Amerigo Vespucci to recognize his achievements and life, Uffizi Museum, Florence. [5], By 1492 Vespucci had settled permanently in Seville. Instead, they were relatively poor, and often engaged in trading and other mercantile ventures. Many prominent navigators, explorers and captains were fascinated by the possibilities of a world outside the known boundaries of Europe, a world far across the expanses of the ocean. The evidence for Vespucci's voyages of exploration consists almost entirely of a handful of letters written by him or attributed to him. The first certainly … (Agnolo Bronzino / Public domain ). Amerigo Vespucci 1454-1512 He was born in Florence, Italy but sailed under the flags of Spain & Portugal Sail Dates: 1st: Left May 1499 (in his letters he confused 1499 with 1497) Came back next year June 2nd: Left May 1501 Came back July of 1502 The Soderini Letter gave Vespucci credit for discovery of this new continent and implied that the Portuguese map was based on his explorations. This letter then led to Columbus setting sail for himself as he, too, wanted to discover something and become famous. He was also known by the name of Americus, thus the continents of North and South America were named in his honor. A few days ago I wrote you at some length about my return from those new regions we searched for and found with the fleet, at the expense and by the command of the most serene King of Portugal, and which can properly be called a "New World", since our forebears had absolutely no knowledge of it, nor do any of those who are hearing about it today...On 7 August 1501,[b] we dropped our anchor off the shores of that new land, thanking God with solemn prayers and the celebration of the Mass. He became increasingly interested in these exploratory voyages himself. Years later, Ojeda recalled that "Morigo Vespuche" was one of his pilots on the expedition. [7][8], Vespucci was the executor of Berardi's will, collecting debts and paying outstanding obligations for the firm. The map was widely used in universities and was influential among cartographers who admired the craftsmanship that went into its creation. The American continent was not first encountered by Columbus, nor Vespucci, as was believed at the time. On 17 August 1501 they reached Brazil at a latitude of about 6° south. But mistakenly, he thought he had at last reached the outskirts of Asia, and thus named these islands “the Indies”. Amerigo Vespucci is best known for his observation that the lands that constitute modern-day Brazil and West Indies were not a part of Asia as initially believed, but an entirely different continent hitherto unknown to Europeans. The Romulus Riddle: Did the Legendary First King of Rome Really Exist? The Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian Navy training ship, which was dedicated to the famous explorer and is still being used today. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. He studied the accounts of Marco Polo and Ptolemy, and this helped him to quickly understand that the inhabitants and the landscapes of South America were not Asian in any way whatsoever. What Treasures Were Lost in the Destruction of the Great Musaeum of Alexandria? As a boy, Amerigo Vespucci was educated by his uncle, Giorgio Antonio Vespucci. Vespucci estimated their latitude at 32° S but experts now estimate they were closer to 25° S. Their homeward journey is unclear since Vespucci left a confusing record of astronomical observations and distances travelled. Rosen Publishing Group. Norimitsu Odachi: Who Could Have Possibly Wielded This Enormous 15th Century Japanese Sword? On the contrary, the king was likely interested in learning about the possibility of a western passage to India. ( NICOLAS LARENTO / Adobe stock). Amerigo was born in Italy (Florence, Italy) originally. Before crossing the Atlantic they resupplied at Cape Verde where they encountered Cabral on his way home from his voyage to India.  During his time, he was already famous for having discovered two continents that didn’t belong to Asia. Trading in Florence required a skill in diplomacy, speech, and a good grasp of commercial business. He was the third son of Nastagio Vespucci and Lisabetta Mini. Eventually, Amerigo was acquainted with the members of this prominent Medici family, and subsequently embraced a mercantile life. In February, he was summoned by the king to consult on matters of navigation. [12] Historians have differed sharply on the authorship, accuracy and veracity of these documents. Felipe Fernández-Armesto (2007) calls the authenticity question "inconclusive", and hypothesizes that the first voyage was probably another version of the second; the third is unassailable, and the fourth is probably true.[47]. Amerigo Vespucci, or simply Vespucci as many people would recall his name, is an Italian explorer and navigator. Vespucci's findings have been lost but Capponi returned to Florence around this time and Berardi took over the Medici business in Seville. [30] His nephew Giovanni was hired into the "Casa de Contratación" where he spent his subsequent years spying on behalf of the Florentine state.[31]. He was also charged with compiling a "model map" based on input from pilots who were obligated to share what they learned after each voyage. The Vespuccis were a respected family who were Florence natives for over two centuries. Amerigo Vespucci, or simply Vespucci as many people would recall his name, is an Italian explorer and navigator. The evidence relies almost entirely on a handful of letters attributed to him. Tuesday, 21 July 2020, 11:37 Last update: about 5 months ago. There is evidence that a voyage was led by Coelho at about this time but no independent confirmation that Vespucci took part. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Additionally, he was the first to discover the existence of the equatorial current, and to utilize the lunar cycle in order to accurately determine a precise longitude. (1454 – 1512) Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer who first demonstrated that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia’s eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus’ voyages, but instead constituted an entirely separate landmass hitherto unknown to people of the Old World. Perhaps Vespucci’s most important contribution, however, was his realization that the continent he was exploring was not Asia. 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