At this time, there was the first astronomical observatory/calendar- the Stonehenge. The Egyptians are not an exemption to this. wonderful universe. Egyptian Astronomy; Having one of the most advanced and affluent cultures, Ancient Egypt has significant contributions to astronomy of today. Ancient Egyptian astronomy was a religious tradition. 129 B.C. The Egyptians had no true understanding of the universe, so many myths were created as an explanation for astronomical events. The Revd. Our trip through the timeline of the history of astronomy now takes us to Torun, a small city in present day Poland, in 1473. Site Map. On February 19, astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was born. The sun was represented by multiple Gods. Prehistoric Astronomy Fast forward about 10,000 years to the time of the first civilizations, and the earliest astronomers who already figured out how to use the sky. In some cultures, they were priests, priestesses, and other "elites" who studied the movement of celestial bodies to determine rituals, celebrations, and planting cycles. Astronomy - Astronomy - History of astronomy: Astronomy was the first natural science to reach a high level of sophistication and predictive ability, which it achieved already in the second half of the 1st millennium bce. Astronomy in the Enlightenment and the Renaissance. According to legend, two Chinese astronomers are executed for not predicting an eclipse and for being drunk as it happened. Dates in black are from the history of society and technology, and are meant to provide a broader context for the dates of the basic list.. For an extensive list of links on the history of physics Annotated Timeline Dates extend to 2005; those marked "c." are approximate. Edward Duke was the first person to associate astronomy with Stonehenge, describing it as a planetarium full of significant astronomical alignments - although he named none. In astronomy, he made the newtonian telescope and wrote Philosophiae Naturalis Principa Mathematica which laid down the foundation of classic mechanics. Ancient Astronomy Passes to the Greeks - Alexander the Great and the History of Astronomy. Just like in any ancient civilization, the movements and patterns of the sky ignited the creation of myths to explain astronomical events. The Stonehenge is located north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. The sky is our window on this universe. This chart represents important events in astronomy, like discoveries and inventions that have impacted astronomy through the ages: 2000 B.C. Astronomy, the study of the universe, reveals a cosmos that is vast, varied, and beautiful. Isaac Newton is best known for his contribution to the world of physics. 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